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Does God Have to Obey a Higher Law? 神必須遵守一個比祂高的律法嗎?

This is something I left out of my last article Fathers, What Are You Teaching Your Children? because it was getting too long.

這是我從上一篇文章 父親們,你在教孩子們什麼 所遺漏的內容,因為那文章已經太長了。

Part of this section was prompted by a conversation with a friend who seemed to be saying that God had to obey the universe and that he was still learning on the job.

本節的一部分是由於與一位朋友的交談而引起的,似乎在說神必須服從宇宙,而他仍在學習這份工作中。

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So it seems like God has the authority to set the standard for good and evil for at least two reasons so far:

到目前為止,看來神有權制定是非善惡的標準的原因至少有兩個:

1. Freedom of Association (the terms on which he will not withdraw his presence from you in the day of judgment).

1. 結社的自由(就是在某日他不會跟你永遠隔絕的條款)。

2. The right of the Creator to do what he wants with his creation.

2. 創作者有權根據自己的創作做自己想做的事情。

But you might say, “No, just because I create my own children doesn't mean I have the right to torture them as soon as they are born. There is a higher law that trumps my position as creator. Furthermore, if I as creator have to obey some undetermined-by-me idea of Good, then so does God as Creator have to obey some Universal Idea of Good higher than him.”

但是你可能會說:“不,僅僅因為我的孩子是我所生的並不說我有權力酷刑他們。有一條更高的律法凌駕於我作為創作者的地位。 如果作為造物主的我必須服從某個比我高的善良觀念,那麼作為造物主的神也必須服從一些高於他的善良觀念。”

First of all, your right of Creator over your own children would still be limited by the right of the Creator of All, God, to tell you it is wrong to torture your children just because you created them.

首先,你對自己的孩子的創造者權仍然會受到全人的創造者(神)的權利的限制,告訴你僅僅因為你創造了孩子而折磨你的孩子是錯的。

But even if we run with this idea that even Creators, whether high or low, have to obey a law outside themselves, that God is not The Good himself, that goodness does not derive from God's being, but is some mysterious force or law that derives from the texture of the Universe that even God has to obey (as one friend claimed) ... the problem is that before that Universe existed, God spoke the Universe into existence, and thus presumably any so-called moral “Law of the Universe” would still be only a creation and derivative of God. A thing would still only be “good” because God said “Goodness is me, I am What-Is-Good”, and then created a universe that operates on his laws.

但是,即使我們懷著這樣的觀念來說,即使是創造者,無論高低,都必須遵守一個他們之外的律法,即神不是善良本人,即善良並非源於神的存在,反而是來自宇宙的構造的某種神秘的力量或律法,甚至連神也必須服從(正如一位朋友曾經說過),問題在於,在宇宙存在之前,神就說話讓宇宙存在,因此,任何所謂的“宇宙的道德法則”仍然僅僅是創造物, 神,的衍生。一件事仍然只能算是“善”,因為神說,「善良是我,我就是善良的定義」,然後他創造了一個遵循他的法則的宇宙。

So technically, God is higher than any so-called law of the universe, because he existed before the universe and then created the universe and...

所以從技術上講,神比任何所謂的宇宙法則高,因為神在宇宙之前已經存在,然後就是他創造了宇宙,並且...

Practically, God is higher because even if you want to say that goodness only exists through some perceived construct of the universe, the universe itself was constructed by God, so God still remains the de facto constructer and arbiter of good.

實際上,神是至高的,因為即使你想說善良僅通過所感知宇宙的構造或法則而存在,宇宙本身乃是神所構造的,所以神仍然是善良的建構者和仲裁者。

And he communicated that good to us through Jesus: 而他通過耶穌向我們傳達了這善良的標準:

“He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead.” (Acts 17:31)

「要藉著他所立的人,按公義審判天下,並且使他從死人中復活,給萬人作一個可信的憑據。」 (使徒行傳 17:31)


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Other posts you might be interested in:
您可能感興趣的其他文章:


Fathers, What Are You Teaching Your Children?

父親們,你在教孩子們什麼?

God's Changes

Have You Considered This Evidence?

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Let no unwholesome word proceed from your mouth, but only such a word as is good for edification according to the need of the moment, so that it will give grace to those who hear. (Eph 4:29)